What is Panchakarma?
Panchakarma is a process that takes time as it involves many steps. Pancha means five and karma means action. Panchakarma has five major procedures which are carried out in the main process. Panchakarma can be performed to person having disease or for a healthy person to reap its benefits. It is mainly performed for detoxification of the whole body.
Procedure – Panchakarma
The three main stages of Panchakarma are Purva karma which is the preparatory stage, Pradhana karma being the main process and Paschat karma mainly for rejuvenation. Purva karma means the procedures followed before the Panchakarma process, Pradhana karma is the main Panchakarma process and Paschat karma are the procedures followed after the Panchakarma process.
Purva karma is performed before the actual Panchkarma process. This can be Abhyanga, Pizhichil, Navarakizhi or Vasti therapies. This procedure is important to loosen the toxins and to lubricate the body.
Pradhana karma consist of five important procedures – Vamana, Virechana, Nasya, Vasti (Nirooha) and Raktamokshana. Vamana means therapeutic emesis where vomiting is induced in a controlled and planned way. Virechana means therapeutic purgation where purgation is induced and planned for specific time. Nasya is administration of nasal drops and involves clearing the breathing pathway. Nirooha vasti is enema wherein medicated liquids are administered in the rectal route. Raktmokshana means blood letting in which leeches are used to remove the toxins. Based on the suggestions by the doctor, an individual may or may not perform the entire procedure.
Paschat karma is performed after the Panchakarma process. Here, proper ayurvedic diet is consumed. Yoga and meditation are performed to concentrate on the body and the mind.
Benefits of Panchakarma
Panchakarma is mainly for detoxification of the body and the mind. As all accumulated doshas are cleared and toxins are flushed out, entire body is rejuvenated. Panchakarma nourishes the body, increases immunity power, and enhances digestion and metabolism. It also enhances glow for the skin with clear complexion.