What is Shirodhara?
Shirodhara means flow on the head. Liquids like water or oil are made to flow in a continuous stream on the forehead for a while for complete relaxation of the nervous system. It calms the mind and help experience a state of rest. It can be a practised as a separate therapy or as a part of Panchakarma treatment.
Procedure – Shirodhara
Shirodhara can be performed using different liquids based on the necessary benefits which depends on the body condition of the individual and recommendation of the doctor. Depending on the type of liquid used, Shirodhara can be of different types. It is jala dhara if water or coconut water is used, taila dhara if warm oil or warm medicated oil is used, takra dhara if buttermilk is used, ksheera dhara or dugdha dhara if milk is used and kwatha dhara if herbal decoctions are used.
The individual is given a head massage and is made to lie down on the Shirodhara table with a support under the neck. Another container is placed below the head and is used to collect the liquid. The height and position of the Shirodhara pot is adjusted such that the liquid in the pot falls on the forehead. Liquid is filled in the pot and is allowed to stream on the forehead. The pot is then slightly oscillated such that the stream moves to and fro across the forehead. The liquid that is collected can be reused and the process is repeated. The individual can take bath after taking rest for some time.
Benefits of Shirodhara
Shirodhara is excellent for treatment of mental stress, headache, migraine, insomnia i.e., sleeplessness, memory loss, graying of hair and psychosomatic diseases. It is also used shift work sleep disorder, jet lag and hypertension. Due to relaxation experienced, it relieves fatigue and helps give a healthy look to the face.